Podcasts for discipline human-movement-and-sports-science (20)

Recent uploads

There are no more podcasts to load.

Start sharing your research on PodScholars!

Upload a podcast

Start sharing your research on PodScholars!

Upload a podcast

{"discipline":"human-movement-and-sports-science-4zXyLE1If","podcasts":{"items":[{"ID":106,"status":40,"date_created":"2023-12-15 02:16:47","article_ID":106,"audience_type":0,"stats_view":309,"stats_like":2,"stats_save":0,"stats_play":0,"title":"The Effect of Daily Heart Rate Workloads on Preseason, Midseason, and Postseason Oxygen Consumption in Division I Basketball","abstract":"Basketball is a dynamic sport, requiring athletes to elicit a high-level of physical, tactical, technical, and psychological attributes and athletes must possess a robustly trained aerobic energy system. There is no research to assess how objectively measured training loads throughout a season influence aerobic capacity. The following study was a retrospective analysis of an NCAA Division I women\u2019s basketball team throughout a 5-month (23-week) competitive season. Data were sorted into season half totals and maximal oxygen consumption was recorded before, at the midway point and within 1-week postseason.","duration":null,"file_audio":null,"file_video":"1702606553435bHPe8.mp4","compressed":null,"slug":"the-effect-of-daily-heart-rate-workloads-on-preseason-midseason-and-postseason-oxygen-consumption-in-division-i-basketball-4zXyLE1Id","date_published_readable":"December 15, 2023","author":"Mason Howard","author_slug":"mason-howard-4zXyLE1IX","keywords":[{"name":"basketball","slug":"basketball-4zXyLE1GA"},{"name":"exercise science","slug":"exercise-science-4zXyLE1Ir"},{"name":"heart rate workloads","slug":"heart-rate-workloads-4zXyLE1Ky"},{"name":"aerobic capacity","slug":"aerobic-capacity-4zXyLE1Kz"}],"disciplines":[]},{"ID":105,"status":40,"date_created":"2023-09-05 13:45:51","article_ID":105,"audience_type":0,"stats_view":234,"stats_like":2,"stats_save":0,"stats_play":0,"title":"The Influence of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Interpulse Interval Duration on Knee Extensor Corticospinal Excitability","abstract":"Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique used in research to study the motor system. For example, TMS has been commonly used to investigate adaptations to exercise, rehabilitation, and neurological impairments. However, TMS data can be highly variable, making it challenging to report consistent findings. One factor that has received little attention in the literature is whether the timing between multiple TMS pulses (i.e., interpulse interval) influences outcomes, particularly for leg muscles. Our manuscript published in Brain Connectivity examined whether interpulse interval duration influences corticospinal excitability, a common TMS metric. Seventeen college-aged males and females participated in a single laboratory visit, during which 25 single TMS pulses were delivered to the motor cortex with interpulse intervals of 5, 10, 15, and 20 seconds. Our findings show that interpulse interval duration has little influence on corticospinal excitability for the knee extensors during active contractions. In our publication, we discuss the implications, strengths, and limitations of our findings. ","duration":null,"file_audio":null,"file_video":"1693921678971TMY6V.mp4","compressed":1,"img_profile":"f\/users\/64f729076bf05_th.jpg","slug":"the-influence-of-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-interpulse-interval-duration-on-knee-extensor-corticospinal-excitability-4zXyLE1Ic","date_published_readable":"September 05, 2023","author":"Kevan Knowles","author_slug":"kevan-knowles-4zXyLE1Ky","keywords":[{"name":"exercise","slug":"exercise-4zXyLE1Hq"},{"name":"emg","slug":"emg-4zXyLE1In"},{"name":"tms","slug":"tms-4zXyLE1Kv"},{"name":"motor system","slug":"motor-system-4zXyLE1Kw"},{"name":"motor cortex","slug":"motor-cortex-4zXyLE1Kx"}],"disciplines":[]},{"ID":104,"status":40,"date_created":"2023-06-14 01:07:18","article_ID":104,"audience_type":0,"stats_view":316,"stats_like":0,"stats_save":0,"stats_play":0,"title":"A Preliminary Assessment of The Relationship Between Cellphone Use and Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, Anxiety, and Academic Performance in High School Students","abstract":"Introduction: Prior research has examined the relationships between cellphone use and physical activity and sedentary behavior as well as measures of psychological well-being and academic performance. This work largely focuses on adults. However, there is an inverse relationship between cellphone use and age. Because their cellphone use may be different from adults, understanding these relationships in younger individuals is warranted.\r\nMethods: High school students (N = 17) completed an online survey consisting of validated items assessing self-reported cellphone use, physical activity, sedentary behavior, anxiety, and grade point average. Correlation analyses were then performed assessing the relationships between cell phone use to all other variables. \r\nResults: There were large, significant effect sizes (r \u2265 -0.58, p \u2264 0.04) for negative correlations between cellphone use and vigorous and total physical activity. There was also a moderate effect size (r = -0.39; r = 0.46) for a negative relationship between cellphone use and mild physical activity and a positive correlation between cellphone use and anxiety, respectively. Cellphone use was not related to the remaining variables.\r\nConclusions: In this preliminary study of high school students, greater cellphone use was associated with greater anxiety, which supports prior research in adults. However, unlike research reporting a lack of a relationship in adults, greater cellphone use was associated with lower physical activity","duration":null,"file_audio":null,"file_video":"1686705665932FFAwr.mp4","compressed":1,"slug":"a-preliminary-assessment-of-the-relationship-between-cellphone-use-and-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-anxiety-and-academic-performance-in-high-school-students-4zXyLE1Ib","date_published_readable":"June 14, 2023","author":"Ryan Wiet","author_slug":"ryan-wiet-4zXyLE1GX","keywords":[{"name":"sedentary behavior","slug":"sedentary-behavior-4zXyLE1GS"},{"name":"physical activity","slug":"physical-activity-4zXyLE1HS"},{"name":"mental health","slug":"mental-health-4zXyLE1Ij"},{"name":"exercise science","slug":"exercise-science-4zXyLE1Ir"},{"name":"academic performance","slug":"academic-performance-4zXyLE1Ku"}],"disciplines":[]},{"ID":100,"status":40,"date_created":"2023-06-09 13:23:56","article_ID":100,"audience_type":0,"stats_view":292,"stats_like":0,"stats_save":0,"stats_play":0,"title":"Running-Related Injuries Captured Using Wearable Technology during a Cross-Country Season: A Preliminary Study","abstract":"Introduction\/Purpose \r\nRunning-related injuries are prevalent among competitive runners. In a previous prospective descriptive assessment of in situ running biomechanics in collegiate cross-country athletes, a subset of athletes developed repetitive stress lower extremity injuries during study participation. The purpose of this preliminary, observational study was to assess sensor-derived biomechanics in the several days leading up to injury (n = 8; 4 female, 4 male) compared with runners who remained healthy (n = 14; 9 female, 5 male) over a single cross-country season.\r\n\r\nMethods \r\nWearable sensors were used to collect running biomechanics during two weekly runs, and surveys were used to capture wellness and injury. Individual z scores of biomechanical measures were assessed for runners who developed injuries and compared against healthy male and female z scores.\r\n\r\nResults \r\nOf the eight injuries, four were categorized as bone stress injuries (three female, one male), and four as soft tissue injuries (one female, three male). Bone injury cases had increased contact time, loading, and pronation, and decreased cadence and stride length preceding injury. Hamstring injury cases (n = 2) had increased stride length, whereas foot and ankle soft tissue injuries had increased pronation velocity and decreased shock and braking.\r\n\r\nConclusions \r\nThis assessment of injury cases illuminates several biomechanical patterns associated with running-related injury development. This study sets the pre","duration":null,"file_audio":null,"file_video":"16863169801682XYO2.mp4","compressed":1,"img_profile":"f\/users\/6483265643e12_th.jpg","slug":"running-related-injuries-captured-using-wearable-technology-during-a-cross-country-season-a-preliminary-study-4zXyLE1I7","date_published_readable":"June 09, 2023","author":"Alexandra DeJong Lempke","author_slug":"alexandra-dejong-lempke-4zXyLE1Kn","keywords":[{"name":"wearable technology","slug":"wearable-technology-4zXyLE1Gw"},{"name":"biomechanics","slug":"biomechanics-4zXyLE1GY"},{"name":"running injuries","slug":"running-injuries-4zXyLE1Ks"},{"name":"bone stress injuries","slug":"bone-stress-injuries-4zXyLE1Kt"}],"disciplines":[]},{"ID":93,"status":40,"date_created":"2023-05-11 05:57:07","article_ID":93,"audience_type":0,"stats_view":319,"stats_like":1,"stats_save":0,"stats_play":0,"title":"The incidence rate of ACL injuries and ankle sprains in basketball players: A systematic review and meta-analysis","abstract":"This systematic review and meta-analysis quantified the incidence rate of ankle sprains and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries according to player sex, playing level, and exposure setting (training vs. games) in basketball players. Results from the 30 studies (17 reporting ACL injuries and 16 reporting ankle sprains) included in the meta-analysis showed females had a threefold higher incidence rate of ACL injuries than males, and both ankle sprain and ACL injury incidence rates increased as playing level increased and were higher during games than training. The reported incidence rates according to sex, playing level, and setting could be used to inform preventative strategies aimed at mitigating injury risk among basketball players. Furthermore, given the inconsistencies and deficiencies in reporting across studies, important recommendations for future injury research in basketball are provided. ","duration":null,"file_audio":null,"file_video":"1683784623124Ban01.mp4","compressed":1,"slug":"the-incidence-rate-of-acl-injuries-and-ankle-sprains-in-basketball-players-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-4zXyLE1I0","date_published_readable":"May 11, 2023","author":" ","author_slug":"-4zXyLE1K5","keywords":[{"name":"basketball","slug":"basketball-4zXyLE1GA"},{"name":"injury","slug":"injury-4zXyLE1JZ"},{"name":"acl","slug":"acl-4zXyLE1K0"},{"name":"ankle","slug":"ankle-4zXyLE1K2"},{"name":"sprain","slug":"sprain-4zXyLE1Ko"}],"disciplines":[]},{"ID":79,"status":40,"date_created":"2023-04-28 22:16:04","article_ID":79,"audience_type":0,"stats_view":135,"stats_like":0,"stats_save":0,"stats_play":0,"title":"A multicomponent neuromuscular warm-up program reduces lower-extremity injuries in trained basketball players: a cluster randomized controlled trial","abstract":"Objective: To assess the effects of a novel multicomponent neuromuscular warm-up program on\r\nlower-extremity injury incidence in basketball players competing at the regional level.\r\nMethods: A cluster randomized controlled experimental design was adopted to compare injury\r\nincidence between players exposed to the injury prevention warm-up program and those exposed to\r\na typical warm-up program across an entire basketball season. Four teams consisting of 57 players\r\n(male: n = 42; female: n = 15) were allocated to the intervention group (age: 21.6 \u00b1 2.5 years; height:\r\n186.2 \u00b1 8.8 cm; body mass: 80.0 \u00b1 10.4 kg) and four teams consisting of 55 players (male: n = 43; female:\r\nn = 12) were allocated to the control group (age: 21.6 \u00b1 2.6 years; height: 186.9 \u00b1 9.1 cm; body mass:\r\n81.5 \u00b1 10.9 kg). The novel warm-up combined running exercises with active stretching, plyometrics,\r\nbalance, strength, and agility drills. Coaching and medical staff provided details on injury incidence\r\neach week. Data analyses included the use of poisson regression analyses and the incidence rate ratio\r\n(IRR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).\r\nResults: The intervention group experienced a significantly lower ankle sprain incidence rate\r\n(IRR = 0.26, 95% CI = 0.05, 0.98, p = 0.02) and a tendency toward a lower knee injury incidence rate\r\n(IRR = 0.32, 95% CI = 0.03, 1.78, p = 0.07) compared to the control group. Considering only non-contact\r\nlower-extremity injuries of any type, the intervention group experienced a si","duration":null,"file_audio":null,"file_video":"1682721502243CUKtk.mp4","compressed":1,"img_profile":"f\/users\/644c411a4093f_th.jpg","slug":"a-multicomponent-neuromuscular-warm-up-program-reduces-lower-extremity-injuries-in-trained-basketball-players-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-4zXyLE1HM","date_published_readable":"April 28, 2023","author":"Emilija Stojanovic","author_slug":"emilija-stojanovic-4zXyLE1K4","keywords":[{"name":"basketball","slug":"basketball-4zXyLE1GA"},{"name":"injury","slug":"injury-4zXyLE1JZ"},{"name":"acl","slug":"acl-4zXyLE1K0"},{"name":"knee","slug":"knee-4zXyLE1K1"},{"name":"ankle","slug":"ankle-4zXyLE1K2"}],"disciplines":[]},{"ID":65,"status":40,"date_created":"2023-04-18 17:27:28","article_ID":65,"audience_type":0,"stats_view":118,"stats_like":1,"stats_save":0,"stats_play":0,"title":"The Characteristic Response of the Human Leukocyte Transcriptome to 60 Days of Bed Rest and to Reambulation","abstract":"We sought to isolate the microgravity effect of spaceflight from other space stressors by characterizing the leukocytes\u2019 transcriptome of participants to a 60-d bed rest study; an Earth model of microgravity. Twenty healthy men received a nutritional supplement or not and 10 blood samples were collected throughout three study phases: baseline data collection (BDC), head-down tilt (HDT) bed rest, and reambulation (R). We measured gene expression through RNA sequencing of leukocytes, applied generalized linear models to assess differential expression followed by enrichment analysis to identify temporal changes (model 1) and to measure the impact of a nutritional supplement (model 2). Baseline transcriptomes included 14,624 protein-coding transcripts, which showed high interindividual correlations (0.89\u00b10.03). We identified 2,415 differentially expressed protein-coding transcripts grouping into six clusters (C1-C6) displaying either a decrease-then-increase (C3 and C5) or an increase-then-decrease (C1,C2,C6) patterns at phase transitions. All six clusters converged toward average expression at HDT30 and HDT60. Gene ontology terms at baseline related to immune functions while in bed rest and reambulation related to multisystem organ processes. The temporal profiles of leukocytes\u2019 transcriptomes emphasize dynamic gene expression changes occurring during and after bed rest. Current findings can guide future work to identify gene markers responsive to the microgravity environments.","duration":null,"file_audio":null,"file_video":"1681838732252dUoVo.mp4","compressed":1,"slug":"the-characteristic-response-of-the-human-leukocyte-transcriptome-to-60-days-of-bed-rest-and-to-reambulation-4zXyLE1Hy","date_published_readable":"April 18, 2023","author":"Daniel Stratis","author_slug":"daniel-stratis-4zXyLE1JL","keywords":[{"name":"bed rest","slug":"bed-rest-4zXyLE1Js"},{"name":"reambulation","slug":"reambulation-4zXyLE1Jt"},{"name":"transcriptome","slug":"transcriptome-4zXyLE1Ju"},{"name":"leukocytes","slug":"leukocytes-4zXyLE1Jv"},{"name":"immunity genes","slug":"immunity-genes-4zXyLE1Jw"},{"name":"cellular stress","slug":"cellular-stress-4zXyLE1Jx"}],"disciplines":[]},{"ID":57,"status":40,"date_created":"2023-03-11 17:11:12","article_ID":57,"audience_type":0,"stats_view":467,"stats_like":1,"stats_save":0,"stats_play":0,"title":"Exploring Training Strategies to Optimize Court Performance in Older Pickleball Athletes","abstract":"Pickleball is one of the fastest growing racket sports in the United States due to its high\r\nsocial engagement and ability to facilitate physical and emotional well-being in persons\r\nacross the lifespan. Given the rise in popularity of pickleball, exercise professionals are\r\npresented with an opportunity to positively impact their community. By using needs\r\nanalysis principles, an appropriate and holistic conditioning program can be developed\r\nto support the pickleball athlete.","duration":null,"file_audio":null,"file_video":"1678554649219ojJKI.mp4","compressed":1,"img_profile":"f\/users\/6406141e0e1c5_th.jpg","slug":"exploring-training-strategies-to-optimize-court-performance-in-older-pickleball-athletes-4zXyLE1Hq","date_published_readable":"March 11, 2023","author":"Sara Terrell","author_slug":"sara-terrell-4zXyLE1JD","keywords":[{"name":"pickleball","slug":"pickleball-4zXyLE1J4"},{"name":"older adult","slug":"older-adult-4zXyLE1J5"}],"disciplines":[]},{"ID":56,"status":40,"date_created":"2023-03-01 21:45:56","article_ID":56,"audience_type":0,"stats_view":568,"stats_like":3,"stats_save":0,"stats_play":0,"title":"Low-carbohydrate diets and men's cortisol and testosterone: Systematic review and meta-analysis","abstract":"Testosterone and cortisol are classic anabolic and catabolic hormones, with a bidirectional relationship. Low-carbohydrate diets may affect these hormones, however individual studies show conflicting results. Therefore, we conducted a review to settle the controversy. The results indicated that low-carbohydrate diets cause a short-term increase in cortisol over the first couple of weeks, after which levels appear to return to baseline. This may be part of the adaption process to such diets, and non-pathological. Also, the results suggested that very high-protein diets may decrease testosterone, possibly in an effort to upregulate the urea cycle and increase nitrogen excretion. Although, this finding only applied to very high-protein diets, with protein intakes roughly three times the average person's. ","duration":null,"file_audio":null,"file_video":"1677707112119o4z3X.mp4","compressed":1,"img_profile":"f\/users\/63ff32fd6c9ff_th.jpg","slug":"low-carbohydrate-diets-and-men-s-cortisol-and-testosterone-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-4zXyLE1Hp","date_published_readable":"March 01, 2023","author":"Joseph Whittaker","author_slug":"joseph-whittaker-4zXyLE1Jy","keywords":[{"name":"testosterone","slug":"testosterone-4zXyLE1IZ"},{"name":"cortisol","slug":"cortisol-4zXyLE1J0"},{"name":"low carbohydrate diet","slug":"low-carbohydrate-diet-4zXyLE1J1"},{"name":"high protein diet","slug":"high-protein-diet-4zXyLE1J2"},{"name":"systematic review","slug":"systematic-review-4zXyLE1J3"}],"disciplines":[]},{"ID":53,"status":40,"date_created":"2023-02-28 03:50:04","article_ID":53,"audience_type":1,"stats_view":207,"stats_like":2,"stats_save":0,"stats_play":0,"title":"Comparing the Effects of Long-Term vs. Periodic Inclusion of Isometric Strength Training on Strength and Dynamic Performances","abstract":"This study compared the effects of including isometric strength training (IST) for consecutive 24 weeks (CIST) against a periodic inclusion (PIST) of this mode of training on strength and dynamic performances. Twenty-four floorball athletes were randomly assigned to the control (CON), CIST, or PIST group. Athletes completed 20-m sprint, countermovement jump (CMJ), and isometric midthigh pull (IMTP) during pre-test and were tested on weeks 6, 12, 18, and 24. All groups performed a similar strength training program twice per week. However, 2 sets of squats were replaced with isometric squat in CIST for all 24 weeks but only on weeks 1\u20136 and 13\u201318 for PIST. A significant main effect for time was observed for 5-, 10-, and 20-m sprint time, CMJ height, peak force, peak power, time to take-off, modified reactive strength index, IMTP peak force, relative peak force, and force at 200 milliseconds. Isometric strength training for 24 consecutive weeks resulted in greater improvement in 5-m sprint time than CON at week 24. Both CIST and PIST resulted in greater improvements in 10-m sprint time than CON at various time points. Isometric strength training for 24 consecutive weeks and PIST resulted in greater improvements in 20m sprint time than CON at week 6. The results showed that the inclusion of IST resulted ingreater improvements in sprint performance than CON but no significant difference in all measured variables with PIST.","duration":null,"file_audio":null,"file_video":"1677556192370esDK5.mp4","compressed":1,"img_profile":"f\/users\/63fd75f2c9c09_th.jpg","slug":"comparing-the-effects-of-long-term-vs-periodic-inclusion-of-isometric-strength-training-on-strength-and-dynamic-performances-4zXyLE1Hm","date_published_readable":"February 28, 2023","author":"Danny Lum","author_slug":"danny-lum-4zXyLE1Jr","keywords":[{"name":"sprint","slug":"sprint-4zXyLE1IS"},{"name":"countermovement jump","slug":"countermovement-jump-4zXyLE1IT"},{"name":"isometric mid-thigh pull","slug":"isometric-mid-thigh-pull-4zXyLE1IU"}],"disciplines":[]}],"count":20},"head\/og\/url":"disciplines\/human-movement-and-sports-science-4zXyLE1If","head\/title":"Podcasts for the discipline human-movement-and-sports-science","head\/description":"Podcasts for the discipline human-movement-and-sports-science","URL_MEDIA":"https:\/\/media.podscholars.com\/"}