Podcasts for discipline medical-and-health-sciences (7)

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{"discipline":"medical-and-health-sciences-4zXyLE1GG","podcasts":{"items":[{"ID":93,"status":40,"date_created":"2023-05-11 05:57:07","article_ID":93,"audience_type":0,"stats_view":319,"stats_like":1,"stats_save":0,"stats_play":0,"title":"The incidence rate of ACL injuries and ankle sprains in basketball players: A systematic review and meta-analysis","abstract":"This systematic review and meta-analysis quantified the incidence rate of ankle sprains and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries according to player sex, playing level, and exposure setting (training vs. games) in basketball players. Results from the 30 studies (17 reporting ACL injuries and 16 reporting ankle sprains) included in the meta-analysis showed females had a threefold higher incidence rate of ACL injuries than males, and both ankle sprain and ACL injury incidence rates increased as playing level increased and were higher during games than training. The reported incidence rates according to sex, playing level, and setting could be used to inform preventative strategies aimed at mitigating injury risk among basketball players. Furthermore, given the inconsistencies and deficiencies in reporting across studies, important recommendations for future injury research in basketball are provided. ","duration":null,"file_audio":null,"file_video":"1683784623124Ban01.mp4","compressed":1,"slug":"the-incidence-rate-of-acl-injuries-and-ankle-sprains-in-basketball-players-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-4zXyLE1I0","date_published_readable":"May 11, 2023","author":" ","author_slug":"-4zXyLE1K5","keywords":[{"name":"basketball","slug":"basketball-4zXyLE1GA"},{"name":"injury","slug":"injury-4zXyLE1JZ"},{"name":"acl","slug":"acl-4zXyLE1K0"},{"name":"ankle","slug":"ankle-4zXyLE1K2"},{"name":"sprain","slug":"sprain-4zXyLE1Ko"}],"disciplines":[]},{"ID":62,"status":40,"date_created":"2023-04-12 15:08:48","article_ID":62,"audience_type":2,"stats_view":3682,"stats_like":1,"stats_save":0,"stats_play":0,"title":"Short: Four Methods to Enhance VO2max","abstract":"This 5-minute overview outlines findings from a paper published in 2007. The authors looked at 4 different methods to improve VO2max throughout 8 weeks of training 3 days per week. I use this paper frequently in my teaching and it is a great reference for those learning how to enhance aerobic capacity. ","duration":null,"file_audio":null,"file_video":"168131212627648XZ4.mp4","compressed":1,"img_profile":"f\/users\/63da76de2b515_th.jpg","slug":"short-four-methods-to-enhance-vo2max-4zXyLE1Hv","date_published_readable":"April 12, 2023","author":"Gabe Sanders","author_slug":"gabe-sanders-4zXyLE1Gx","keywords":[{"name":"running","slug":"running-4zXyLE1I3"},{"name":"aerobic","slug":"aerobic-4zXyLE1Jm"},{"name":"high intensity training","slug":"high-intensity-training-4zXyLE1Jn"}],"disciplines":[]},{"ID":61,"status":40,"date_created":"2023-03-30 11:16:20","article_ID":61,"audience_type":0,"stats_view":258,"stats_like":0,"stats_save":0,"stats_play":0,"title":"Noncontact assessment for fatigue based on heart rate variability using IR\u2011UWB radar","abstract":"Physical fatigue can be assessed using heart rate variability (HRV). We measured HRV at rest and in a fatigued state using impulse-radio ultra wideband (IR-UWB) radar in a noncontact fashion and compared the measurements with those obtained using electrocardiography (ECG) to assess the reliability and validity of the radar measurements. HRV was measured in 15 subjects using radar and ECG simultaneously before (rest for 10 min before exercise) and after a 20-min exercise session (fatigue level 1 for 0\u20139 min; fatigue level 2 for 10\u201319 min; recovery for \u2265 20 min after exercise). HRV was analysed in the frequency domain, including the low-frequency component (LF), high-frequency component (HF) and LF\/HF ratio. The LF\/HF ratio measured using radar highly agreed with that measured using ECG during rest (ICC = 0.807), \r\nfatigue-1 (ICC = 0.712), fatigue-2 (ICC = 0.741) and recovery (ICC = 0.764) in analyses using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs). The change pattern in the LH\/HF ratios during the experiment was similar between radar and ECG. The subject\u2019s body fat percentage was linearly associated with the time to recovery from physical fatigue (R2 = 0.96,\r\np \u003C 0.001). Our results demonstrated that fatigue and rest states can be distinguished accurately based on HRV measurements using IR-UWB radar in a noncontact fashion.","duration":null,"file_audio":null,"file_video":"1680174974452M0xI7.mp4","compressed":1,"img_profile":"f\/users\/6425704decae1_th.jpg","slug":"noncontact-assessment-for-fatigue-based-on-heart-rate-variability-using-ir-uwb-radar-4zXyLE1Hu","date_published_readable":"March 30, 2023","author":"Sung Ho Cho","author_slug":"sung-ho-cho-4zXyLE1JT","keywords":[{"name":"fatigue","slug":"fatigue-4zXyLE1Ji"},{"name":"radar","slug":"radar-4zXyLE1Jj"},{"name":"heart rate variability","slug":"heart-rate-variability-4zXyLE1Jk"},{"name":"analysis of variance (anova)","slug":"analysis-of-variance-anova-4zXyLE1Jl"}],"disciplines":[]},{"ID":60,"status":40,"date_created":"2023-03-27 18:53:36","article_ID":60,"audience_type":0,"stats_view":410,"stats_like":0,"stats_save":0,"stats_play":0,"title":"The Relationship Between Physical Activity and Pain in U.S. Adults","abstract":"Purpose: We sought to assess the relationship between physical activity (PA) and pain within the available sample, with secondary aims to assess prevalence of pain, PA levels, health care seeking behaviors, and impact of pain on daily activities and work.\r\n\r\nMethods: We conducted an epidemiological cross-sectional observational study utilizing National Health Interview Survey data from 2020. We examined the self-reported adherence to current PA guidelines and the prevalence of pain. We hypothesized those dealing with pain were less likely to meet PA guidelines. The PA levels, pain prevalence, frequency, and intensity were assessed via the survey and relationships explored via modeling.\r\n\r\nResults: Of 31,568, 46% were men and 53.99% women with mean age of 52.27 yr (\u00b117.31 yr). There were 12,429 (39.37%) participants that reported pain on some days, 2761 (8.75%) on most days, and 4661 (14.76%) every day. The odds of engaging in PA decreased in a stepwise fashion based on frequency and intensity of pain reporting when compared with no pain. Importantly, PA is a significant correlate affecting pain reporting, with individuals engaging in PA (strength and aerobic) demonstrating two times lower odds of reporting pain when compared with those not meeting the PA guidelines.\r\n\r\nConclusions: There is a significant correlation between meeting PA guidelines and pain. Meeting both criteria of PA guidelines resulted in lower odds of reporting pain. In addition, the odds of participating in PA de","duration":null,"file_audio":null,"file_video":"1679943174477vJZ4Q.mp4","compressed":1,"img_profile":"f\/users\/6421e4907572b_th.jpg","slug":"the-relationship-between-physical-activity-and-pain-in-u-s-adults-4zXyLE1Ht","date_published_readable":"March 27, 2023","author":"Michael Ray","author_slug":"michael-ray-4zXyLE1JR","keywords":[{"name":"physical activity","slug":"physical-activity-4zXyLE1HS"},{"name":"chronic pain","slug":"chronic-pain-4zXyLE1Jh"}],"disciplines":[]},{"ID":56,"status":40,"date_created":"2023-03-01 21:45:56","article_ID":56,"audience_type":0,"stats_view":568,"stats_like":3,"stats_save":0,"stats_play":0,"title":"Low-carbohydrate diets and men's cortisol and testosterone: Systematic review and meta-analysis","abstract":"Testosterone and cortisol are classic anabolic and catabolic hormones, with a bidirectional relationship. Low-carbohydrate diets may affect these hormones, however individual studies show conflicting results. Therefore, we conducted a review to settle the controversy. The results indicated that low-carbohydrate diets cause a short-term increase in cortisol over the first couple of weeks, after which levels appear to return to baseline. This may be part of the adaption process to such diets, and non-pathological. Also, the results suggested that very high-protein diets may decrease testosterone, possibly in an effort to upregulate the urea cycle and increase nitrogen excretion. Although, this finding only applied to very high-protein diets, with protein intakes roughly three times the average person's. ","duration":null,"file_audio":null,"file_video":"1677707112119o4z3X.mp4","compressed":1,"img_profile":"f\/users\/63ff32fd6c9ff_th.jpg","slug":"low-carbohydrate-diets-and-men-s-cortisol-and-testosterone-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-4zXyLE1Hp","date_published_readable":"March 01, 2023","author":"Joseph Whittaker","author_slug":"joseph-whittaker-4zXyLE1Jy","keywords":[{"name":"testosterone","slug":"testosterone-4zXyLE1IZ"},{"name":"cortisol","slug":"cortisol-4zXyLE1J0"},{"name":"low carbohydrate diet","slug":"low-carbohydrate-diet-4zXyLE1J1"},{"name":"high protein diet","slug":"high-protein-diet-4zXyLE1J2"},{"name":"systematic review","slug":"systematic-review-4zXyLE1J3"}],"disciplines":[]},{"ID":45,"status":40,"date_created":"2023-02-10 06:43:18","article_ID":45,"audience_type":0,"stats_view":145,"stats_like":4,"stats_save":0,"stats_play":0,"title":"Vitamin D status and determinants in Indian children and adolescents: a multicentre study","abstract":"Studies performed on Indian children to assess vitamin-D status have been on small sample sizes, limited to specific geographical locations and used non-standard methods to measure 25(OH)D3. This multicentre study assessed 25(OH)D3 concentrations from dried blood spots (DBS) in 5\u201318-year-old Indian children and adolescents using a standardized protocol and identified factors contributing towards vitamin D deficiency. Cross-sectional, observational school-based study was conducted by multi-stage stratified random sampling. A city and nearby village were selected from 6 Indian states covering wide geographical areas. Demography, anthropometry, body-composition, dietary-intakes and DBS samples were collected. 25(OH)D3 was assessed from DBS using Liquid chromatography with tandem-mass spectrometry. Vitamin-D status was assessed in 2500 children; with additional data collected on a subset (n = 669) to assess predictors. Mean vitamin-D concentration was\r\n45.8 \u00b1 23.9 nmol\/L, 36.8% of subjects had sufficient vitamin-D (\u003E 50 nmol\/L); rural subjects and boys had higher concentrations (p \u003C 0.05). On regression analysis, younger age, female-gender, overweight and urban residence significantly contributed to deficiency. More than half the Indian children\/ adolescents were vitamin-D deficient or insufficient. Our study reinforces vitamin-D deficiency as a major public health problem and the need for supplementation, food fortification and educating the population as initiatives required to ","duration":null,"file_audio":null,"file_video":"1676011434985YZjtp.mp4","compressed":1,"img_profile":"f\/users\/63dce38d8fed1_th.jpg","slug":"vitamin-d-status-and-determinants-in-indian-children-and-adolescents-a-multicentre-study-4zXyLE1He","date_published_readable":"February 10, 2023","author":"Anuradha Khadilkar","author_slug":"anuradha-khadilkar-4zXyLE1IW","keywords":[{"name":"vitamind","slug":"vitamind-4zXyLE1Iy"},{"name":"children and adolescents","slug":"children-and-adolescents-4zXyLE1Iz"},{"name":"india","slug":"india-4zXyLE1IA"},{"name":"lcms\/ms","slug":"lcms-ms-4zXyLE1IB"},{"name":"dried blood spots","slug":"dried-blood-spots-4zXyLE1IC"}],"disciplines":[]},{"ID":7,"status":40,"date_created":"2022-10-06 00:01:21","article_ID":7,"audience_type":0,"stats_view":1355,"stats_like":13,"stats_save":0,"stats_play":0,"title":"Young women are protected against vascular insulin resistance induced by adoption of an obesogenic lifestyle","abstract":"Vascular insulin resistance is a feature of obesity and type 2 diabetes that contributes to the genesis of vascular disease and glycemic dysregulation. Data from preclinical models indicate that vascular insulin resistance is an early event in the disease course preceding the development of insulin resistance in metabolically-active tissues. Whether this is translatable to humans requires further investigation. To this end, we examined if vascular insulin resistance develops when young healthy individuals (n=18 men, n=18 women) transition to an obesogenic lifestyle that would ultimately cause whole-body insulin resistance. ","duration":1047,"file_audio":null,"file_video":"633dfeb07144e.mp4","compressed":1,"slug":"young-women-are-protected-against-vascular-insulin-resistance-induced-by-adoption-of-an-obesogenic-lifestyle-4zXyLE1GC","date_published_readable":"October 06, 2022","author":"James Smith","author_slug":"james-smith-4zXyLE1GL","keywords":[{"name":"sedentary behavior","slug":"sedentary-behavior-4zXyLE1GS"},{"name":"sugar-sweetened beverages","slug":"sugar-sweetened-beverages-4zXyLE1GT"},{"name":"endothelial dysfunction","slug":"endothelial-dysfunction-4zXyLE1GU"},{"name":"blood flow","slug":"blood-flow-4zXyLE1GV"},{"name":"sex differences","slug":"sex-differences-4zXyLE1GW"}],"disciplines":[]}],"count":7},"head\/og\/url":"disciplines\/medical-and-health-sciences-4zXyLE1GG","head\/title":"Podcasts for the discipline medical-and-health-sciences","head\/description":"Podcasts for the discipline medical-and-health-sciences","URL_MEDIA":"https:\/\/media.podscholars.com\/"}